The Second Amendment (Amendment II) to the United States Constitution
is the part of the United States Bill of Rights that protects the right
of the people to keep and bear arms. It was adopted on December 15,
1791, along with the rest of the Bill of Rights.
In 2008 and 2010, the Supreme Court issued two Second Amendment
decisions. In District of Columbia v. Heller (2008), the Court ruled
that the Second Amendment protects an individual's right to possess a
firearm, unconnected to service in a militia and to use that arm for
traditionally lawful purposes, such as self-defense within the home.
Additionally, the Court enumerated several longstanding prohibitions
and restrictions on firearms possession that it found were consistent
with the Second Amendment. In McDonald v. Chicago (2010), the Court
ruled that the Second Amendment limits state and local governments to
the same extent that it limits the federal government.
On the site http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Amendment_to_the_United_States_Constitution there is a very
good discussion and examination of The Second Amendment. The
National Rifle Association, Gun Owners of America and the Second
Amendment Foundation have argued that this Amendment to the
Constitution is arguably, the most important, as it guarantees the
Right of Assembly, the Freedom of Speech, the ability To Pursue
Happiness and is:
THE ONLY RIGHT OR AMENDMENT THAT HAS
THE STATEMENT "...shall not be infringed."